Special Needs Education


Special Needs Education

In Osaka Prefecture Education for students with disabilities is based on the ideal of learning and growing together. It is provided in kindergartens, elementary schools, junior high schools, senior high schools, special needs education schools and other institutions in accordance with an individual’s circumstances.
You can consult the municipal board of education where you live to ask about enrolling disabled preschoolers, children or students in kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, or special needs education school

(1) Special needs classes/ special needs resource rooms in elementary and junior high schools

 ○In elementary and junior high schools six types of special needs classes by disabilities, which are “partially sighted”, “hearing impairment”, “intellectual disability”, ”physical disability”, “invalidity/physical infirmity” and “emotional disturbance” , are set up to provide education in accordance with an individual’s circumstances of disability. 

 ○There are also special needs resource rooms for students with relatively mild disabilities who are enrolled in regular classes at elementary or junior high school. The students are taught the different subjects in their regular classes, while also receiving instruction in special needs resource rooms as required and according to their disability.


Number of elementary and junior high schools offering special needs classes, and number of classes by disability (as of May 1, 2014):


Number of schools

Partially sighted

Hearing difficulties

Mental disabilities

Physical disabilities


Physical infirmity

Emotional disturbance

Total (number of classes)

Elementary schools









Junior high schools


















 Number of schools with special needs resource rooms: 213 resource rooms at 165 elementary and 48 junior high schools.

(2) Special needs education schools

 ○Five types of special needs education schools by disabilities, which are “visual impairment”, “hearing impairment ”, “intellectual disability”, “physical disability”, “invalidity” and “emotional disturbance”, are set up to provide education in accordance with an individual’s circumstances of disability. 

 ○Children who are unable to attend school, such as physically disabled or invalid children, may receive schooling at home from teachers of special needs education schools.

 ○Special needs education senior high schools which have occupation courses are also set up to support students with disabilities to be independent through doing a job. In the course, students take practical lessons related to occupation in order to cultivate their motivation to work via acquiring knowledge and skill for working. An entrance examination must be taken to enter the schools.

(3) Education based on the ideal of learning and growing together in senior high school 

 ○With respect to the enrollment of students with disabilities in public senior high school, a range of provisions are available to enable such students to take entrance tests. Approximately 2,300 students with disabilities requiring special consideration enabling them to study are currently studying in prefectural senior high schools (as of FY2014).

 ○Nine prefectural senior high schools and two Osaka City senior high schools offer the courses supporting the independence of intellectually disabled students. which adapt the curricula and lesson content of senior high schools with the aim of enabling intellectually disabled students to enjoy learning, spending time and making friends at senior high school with other students.

 ○Special needs education senior high schools which have occupation courses, in collaboration with eight prefectural senior high schools, also offer coexistence promotion classes aiming to enable the students of these classes to get enough supports for obtaining a job and study together with the students of senior high schools and make friends with them.

教育庁 教育総務企画課 広報・議事グループ